Azerbaijan tours usually begin with a visit to Baku. The city is located on the shore of the Caspian Sea on the slopes of the mountain plateau. The first mention of Baku refers to the 5th century. Here are the oldest oil fields, which were dug in the ground pits, of which just scooped the oil.

In Baku there are many ancient monuments, castles, palaces, caravanserais, mosques. On the highest point of one of the hills of Baku is the architectural ensemble of the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, a real Pearl of the Azerbaijani architecture. Established in 15-16 centuries, the palace complex has a place for receptions and official meetings the Divanhane, the burial vault of the Hall for prayers, two-dome palace mosque with a minaret, Seyid Yahya Bakuvi's mausoleum, the Eastern portal, underground-water storages, and baths.

In Baku on the waterfront is the famous maiden's tower with height of 29.5 m, built in the 12 century of black stone. To explore the culture of Azerbaijan you must visit such ancient cities as Ganja, Nakhchivan, Sheki, Gabala, famous for its historical monuments and traditional handicrafts.

Ancient people came to the territory of modern Azerbaijan as early as the Paleolithic era, so there are many archaeological monuments of the stone age. Particularly interesting are the caves of Azikh, Taglar, Damjili, Dashsalahli and Shusha, where they found stone tools, fireplaces and crockery, rock art.

Natural and historical attractions make the number of those wishing to relax in Azerbaijan is growing every year. The climate of the country facilitates both summer and winter holidays. Ecological tours lately have become very popular in Azerbaijan. They include the climbing routes in the mountain areas of Azerbaijan, trekking, visits to nature reserves.

In the East of the country, on the sandy beaches of the coast of the Caspian Sea visitors can not only bathing and diving, but also ride on scooters and water skiing. The swimming season opens in April and May. Lovers of winter sports can enjoy skiing in the surroundings of the reserve Pirguli where laid ski tracks.

 

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