The official name is the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.). Territory of the U.A.E. is shaped like a rhinoceros horn. The total area of the country is 83.600 km². The capital city is Abu Dhabi. The Emirate Abu Dhabi accounted for 85% of the U.A.E. The smallest is Ajman Emirate, which is only 250 km².

 U.A.E. territory stretches along the eastern coast of the Arabian peninsula and numerous islands. Islands of Abu Musa, Big and Small Tomb formally belong to the U.A.E., but annexed by Iran. In the North the country borders with Qatar, here goes the maritime boundary with Iran. To the West and South the country borders with Saudi Arabia, to the East ― with Sultanate of Oman. The North of the country is washed by the waters of the Persian Gulf, East-Gulf of Oman.

Although the Emirates have long been combined into a single Federation, but still there are official administrative borders. U.A.E. terrain is very varied. To the East are mountainous areas, in the South and West ― the vast desert areas, in the North ― the salt flats. The highest point is Hafeet mountain with an elevation of 1160 m. Almost all settlements and resort areas are on the coast and in the oases.

 

 Language: Arabic.

 

Population: 4.7 million man.

Phone code: +971

National domain: AE

 

 

 How to get to the U.A.E.

Emirates Airlines realizes regular daily flights. Budget Dubai carrier flyDubai operates scheduled flights to Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

Etihad Airways offers daily flights from many major countries of the world.

 

Climate

Weather in United Arab Emirates in the winter, from December to February is warm and sunny, from +20 to +30°C. The water temperature in the open Gulf beaches from +17°C in winter to +35°C in summer. The best time to visit the U.A.E. is between October and May. In the summer, from May to September, daily air temperature +45°C with high humidity is felt. Average daytime temperature by month: +24°C in January, +24°C in February, +24°C in March, +32°C in April, +37°C in May, +37°C in June, +40°C in July,  +41°C in August, +38°C in September, +35°C in October, +30°C in November, +26°C in December.

 

Currency

Dirham U.A.E.

You can change money at most banks and currency exchange offices and at private exchange offices. Banks are open from 08:00 to 13:00 every day except Friday, which in U.A.E. is a day off. On Thursday the banks close at 12:00. Most exchange offices are open from 09:00 to 13:00 and from 16:30 to 20:30. In the majority of hotels, shopping malls and large stores accept American Express card, Master card, Visa and Diners Club. The most favourable exchange rate is for hundred-dollar bills, for small cuts can be significantly lower (but this is rare). Adequate course offered only at banks, in exchange offices it's not very profitable, and in hotels is much lower.

 

Cuisine 

Almost all the dishes are largely add a variety of herbs and spices: onion, garlic, pepper, cinnamon, herbs, etc. Olive oil is mainly used for cooking. Widely used in cooking rice, legumes, peas, beans. The required components of many dishes are variety of vegetables, fresh or canned fruit. But the basics of Arabic cuisine is, of course, meat: lamb, goat, veal (Muslims don't eat pork, so in the U.A.E. did not cook). The traditional way of making it differs from habitual to us. In most cases the meat is cooked without fat - this dish is particularly tenderness and juiciness. The recipe is as follows: the temperature of the pan is brought to 300°C, which protein meat touching the hot surface, fold and form a crust that keeps the meat juice inside. In addition to a variety of side dishes, just cook the meat for numerous soups on meat broth.  The other option of cooking: the meat is first fried on hot dry frying pan, and then is roasted on a frying pan with oil. In addition to meat dishes, you will always be able to enjoy a variety of fish and seafood - lobster, crab, shrimp and tuna. Very popular fish restaurants have the ice fish and seafood on the trays right in the hall. There you can just point at your favourite fish, and after ten to fifteen minutes you can enjoy it on the table. Almost in any restaurant with Arab cuisine you can taste mezze ― a traditional set of hot and cold snacks. This genre is a combination of many dishes that are served in sequence at the beginning of the meal. All appetizers are served on common dishes in small portions and fast change each other.   The most common mezze dishes are a dozen or so: first of all, vegetable salads with finely chopped parsley, garlic-walnut pasta with olive oil, tightly packed grape leaves with rice-vegetable fillings or minced meat (dolma). Another indispensable component of the mezze is a triangular shaped hot cakes with vegetable, meat or cheese filling. In addition, the range of dishes usually include cheese and eggplant roe ‘muttabbal’, made with garlic, and some recipes, and chopped nuts (very satisfying and tasty).

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